The area of the Tonale Pass was, for more than fifty years, the border between Italy and Austria-Hungary and both of the nations fortified the crossing; during the World War I these forts took part in the fighting. Nowadays they are only ruins, destination of trips and guided tours during the Summer.
Fort Corno d’Aola
The Forts Mero and Saccarana constitute an Austro-Hungarian complex built to control the Tonale pass and the area of Vermiglio: the Saccarana designed as an artillery position, and the Mero to guard against infantry assaults; both destroyed to scavenge their materials at the end of the war and now under restoration works.
The ruins of the two fortresses can be seen during the excursion to the Città morta (Dead city), an Austrian military complex. The Fort Saccarana is presently used to host concerts during the Summer.
Ascending through the gondola lift for the Paradiso (lit. “Heaven”) pass – a name well known for ski-lovers – it’s possible to visit a tunnel dug by Italian soldiers as a shelter and observation point, where has been set up a multimedia exhibition with sounds and voices of the Guerra Bianca.
Guerra Bianca museum